Consensus statement on the management of paediatric asthma. Update 2007. First Spanish Consensus for the Management of Asthma in Paediatrics.
JA Castillo Laita (a), J De Benito Fernández (b), A Escribano Montaner (c), M Fernández Benítez (d), S García de la Rubia (e), J Garde Garde (d), L García-Marcos (f), C González Díaz (b), M Ibero Iborra (d), M Navarro Merino (c), C Pardos Martínez (a), J Pellegrini Belinchon (e), J Sánchez Jiménez (c), J Sanz Ortega (d), JR Villa Asensi (c)
(a) Spanish Association of Primary Care Paediatrics (AEPap).
(b) Spanish Society of Emergency Paediatrics (SEUP).
(c) Spanish Society of Paediatric Pulmonology (SENP).
(d) Spanish Society of Clinical Immunology and Paediatric Allergy (SEICAP).
(e) Spanish Society of Ambulatory and Primary Care Paediatrics (SEPEAP).
(f) Spanish Society of Paediatric Pulmonology (SENP). Spanish Society of Clinical Immunology and Paediatric Allergy (SEICAP). Spanish Society of Ambulatory and Primary Care Paediatrics (SEPEAP).
The epidemiology of asthma in Spain is known in children over six years of life, but no studies on younger children exist. Unlike in Anglo-Saxon countries, asthma prevalence in Spain is relatively low: about 9 % of 13-14 year olds reported symptoms during the preceding twelve months; and 10 % of parents of 6-7 year-old children report that their children suffered wheezing in the same period.
This prevalence was similar in older children in 2002 and in 1994, whereas it increased markedly in 6-7 year olds (from 7 % in 1994 to 10 % in 2002). Severe wheezing is much less common in both age groups (around 2 %). This also increased in the 6-7 year-old group, whereas it remained steady among 13-14 year olds.
At these ages there appears to be greater prevalence and severity of asthma in the coastal areas than on the central plateau.
CITATION Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2008 Jan-Feb;36(1):31-52