Scientific publications

Comparison of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness values using Stratus Optical Coherence Tomography and Heidelberg Retina Tomograph-III

Sep 1, 2009 | Magazine: Journal of Glaucoma

Moreno-Montañés J, Antón A, García N, Olmo N, Morilla A, Fallon M.
Department of Ophthalmology, Clínica Universitaria, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

To evaluate the usefulness of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measurements using the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph-III (HRT-III) in normal, ocular hypertensive, and glaucomatous eyes and compare the thickness measurements using HRT-III and Stratus Optical Coherence Tomography-3 (OCT-3).

Sixty-nine normal eyes, 60 eyes ocular hypertensive, and 111 glaucomatous were included. All participants underwent visual field, HRT-III, and OCT-3 examinations on the same day. Patients were classified into 3 groups according to intraocular pressure and visual field damage. The sensitivity/specificity of RNFL thickness measurements and RNFL thickness classifications using HRT-III and OCT-3 were calculated. The sensitivity/specificity of the height variation contour (HVC) from the HRT-III were calculated. The receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) and areas under the ROC were plotted. Agreement was calculated using Bland-Altman method and the kappa coefficient.

The RNFL thickness sensitivity/specificity were 32.4%/87%, for the HRT-III and 72.97%/81.15% for the OCT-3 in relation to the glaucoma diagnosis (least specific criteria). The RNFL thickness sensitivities/specificities were lower in early glaucoma. The areas under the ROC for RNFL measurements were 0.72 using HRT-III, 0.86 with OCT-3 (P=0.001), and 0.54 for the HVC. The RNFL classification kappa coefficient was 0.36. Bland-Altman analysis confirmed that the RNFL measurements were not interchangeable. CONCLUSIONS The sensitivity of RNFL damage detection using HRT-III was lower compared with OCT-3, especially in early glaucoma. RNFL thickness agreement between HRT-III and OCT-3 was only fair. HVC was not useful for glaucoma detection.

CITATION  J Glaucoma. 2009 Sep;18(7):528-34

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