Coexistence of different clonal populations harboring the b3a2 (p210) and e1a2 (p190) BCR-ABL1 fusion transcripts in chronic myelogenous leukemia resistant to imatinib
Agirre X, Román-Gómez J, Vázquez I, Jiménez-Velasco A, Larráyoz MJ, Lahortiga I, Andreu EJ, Márquez J, Beltrán de Heredia JM, Odero MD, Prósper F, Calasanz MJ.
Area of Cancer, Area of Cell Therapy and Hematology Service, University Clinic, University of Navarra and Foundation for Applied Medical Research, Avda. Pio XII 36, Pamplona, Spain.
In this study, we report the case of a Philadelphia (Ph) positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patient with the presence of p190 and p210 BCR-ABL1 mRNA fusion transcripts derived from e1a2 and b3a2 BCR-ABL1 genomic rearrangements, respectively. The presence of e1a2 BCR-ABL1 genomic rearrangement was seen in 2 different clones, one with the rearrangement and another one with the rearrangement and deletion of the BCR gene of the non-rearranged chromosome 22.
After treatment with imatinib, the p210 transcript could not be detected, whereas p190 was still present 6 months after initiation of imatinib therapy and progression to blast phase. The absence of p210 transcript post treatment indicates that the clone with b3a2 responded to imatinib and that the observed resistance was associated to cells harboring the e1a2 genomic rearrangement.
Despite resistance of this patient to imatinib, no evidence of mutations in the kinase domain of ABL1 was found. Loss of normal BCR in one cell clone may contribute to the resistance to imatinib due to the lack of BCR mediated inhibition of BCR-ABL1.
CITATION Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2005 Jul 1;160(1):22-6.