Scientific publications

Clinical profile, otologic, and auditory outcomes in patients with Down syndrome

May 30, 2024 | Magazine: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española

J Lorente-Piera  1 , R Manrique-Huarte  2 , M Manrique  2 , F J Cervera-Paz  2

Introduction and objectives: Even though the incidence has decreased in recent years, Down syndrome (DS) remains the most common chromosomal disorder today. Despite being a condition with multisystemic involvement, it often tends to affect the head and neck area, making it a frequent reason for consultation with pediatric otolaryngologists or otologists. The purpose of this work is to be one of the first in Spain to characterize and describe the pathology and therapeutic approach typically provided to these patients, analyzing the evolution from a clinical and auditory perspective.

Material and methods: We aim to analyze a sample of 16 pediatric patients recruited over the past 24 years, diagnosed with Down syndrome, and experiencing a wide range of diseases affecting the ear and its auditory function.

Results: 62.50% of the patients were women, whose main reason for seeking specialist care was acute and serous otitis media, accounting for 31.25%. These patients have an indication for treatment for various entities within the otological sphere that usually do not differ from those of a healthy child. However, the evolution and response to treatments can take on a torpid character due to the anatomical characteristics of the ears of these patients.

Conclusions: Although the frequency of children with DS in the pediatric otolaryngologist's clinic is decreasing, these patients have a predisposition to ear diseases with auditory repercussions, with variable evolution depending on the disease and the child's intrinsic characteristics.

CITATION  Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp (Engl Ed). 2024 May 30:S2173-5735(24)00063-2. doi: 10.1016/j.otoeng.2024.05.003