Scientific publications

Clinical implications of changing thyroglobulin and antithyroglobulin antibodies analytical methods in the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma

Aug 1, 2023 | Magazine: Clinica Chimica Acta

Sara Deza  1 , Julia Maroto  1 , Olaia Tellechea  2 , Natalia Orbegozo  1 , Juana Merino  3 , Juan C Galofré  4 , Estibaliz Alegre  5 , Álvaro González  6

Background and aims: Patients' response to treatment in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is classified according to serum thyroglobulin concentrations (Tg), usually using the American Thyroid Association guidelines and considering potential interfering anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (Ab-Tg). We aim to evaluate the clinical implications of changing Tg and Ab-Tg quantification method.

Material and methods: Tg and Ab-Tg were quantified in 82 serum samples (60 from DTC patients) by Elecsys and Access immunoassays.

Results: Elecsys immunoassay rendered higher values of Tg than Access: mean bias 5.03 ng/mL (95%CI:-14.14-24.21). In DTC patients, there was an almost perfect agreement for response classification (kappa index = 0.833). Discrepancies appeared in patients with undetermined response, with a more tendency to subclassification with Access. Ab-Tg showed a poor correlation (r = 0.5394). When Elecsys cut-off was reduced to 43 IU/mL, agreement for positive/negative classification improved from a kappa index of 0.607 to 0.650. Prospective study with personalized follow-up showed that only 6.3% of Tg results required an analytical confirmation, being confirmed 93% of them.

Conclusions: Despite the biases observed, clinical impact of an analytical change is minimal in patients' management. However, cautious and personalized follow-up period after the change is still mandatory, especially in patients with Tg levels between 0.2 and 1 ng/mL.

CITATION  Clin Chim Acta. 2023 Aug 1;548:117502.  doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2023.117502