Chest wall reconstruction using iliac bone allografts and muscle flaps
Garcia-Tutor E (1), Yeste L (1), Murillo J (1), Aubá C (1), San Julian M (2), Torre W (3).
(1) Departamento de Cirugía Plástica Reparadora y Estética, Clínica Universitaria, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
(2) Departamento de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología. Clínica Universitaria de Navarra. Pamplona. Spain
(3) Departamento de Cirugía Torácica. Clínica Universitaria de Navarra. Pamplona. Spain.
Technically we can divide full-thickness thoracic reconstruction into 2 parts: providing a rigid support and ensuring well-vascularized coverage.
Since 1986, the authors' center has had ample experience with bone banks and the use of cryopreserved bone grafts, which led them to consider the possibility of using these grafts for full-thickness chest wall reconstruction. They describe 3 patients in whom resection of the tumor and reconstruction of the thorax were carried out using iliac bone allografts covered with muscle flaps (1 pectoralis major and 2 rectus abdominis). None of the patients experienced breathing difficulties, pain, or instability after 14 months, 18 months, and 11 years of follow-up.
The result of the reconstruction was excellent in all 3 patients in terms of function and aesthetics. The advantage of allografts compared with synthetic materials is their potential integration; they can become part of the host patient's living tissue.
CITATION Ann Plast Surg. 2004 Jan;52(1):54-60