Cause and timing of first allograft failure in orthotopic liver transplantation: a study of 177 consecutive patients.
Quiroga J, Colina I, Demetris AJ, Starzl TE, Van Thiel DH.
The cause and timing of first liver allograft failure was evaluated in 177 patients who underwent a second liver transplant between January 1984 and December 1988. The population studied consisted of 94 men and 83 women with a mean age 41.3 +/- 1.0 yr (mean +/- S.E.M.). Mean first-graft survival was 130.6 +/- 22.9 days (range = 0 to 2,073 days). Sixty-eight percent of the grafts failed in the first postoperative month, 26% failed between the second and twelfth month and only 6% failed beyond the twelfth month from the date of the initial transplant.
Six principal causes of graft failure were identified. Early allograft losses occurred as a result of four major problems: primary graft nonfunction (30.0% of all grafts; mean graft survival = 3.4 +/- 0.3 days); ischemic injury of the graft without overt vascular injury (9.6%; mean graft survival = 17.5 +/- 1.9 days); acute rejection (10.7%; mean graft survival = 30.4 +/- 6.4 days); and overt vascular complications (26.6%; mean graft survival = 59.6 +/- 24.1 days). Late graft failures were the result of either chronic rejection (11.3%; mean graft survival = 496.3 +/- 136.0 days) or recurrence of the primary liver disease (6.8%; mean graft survival = 550.5 +/- 172.1 days).
Graft failure occurred as a result of a variety of miscellaneous causes in 5% of the cases (mean graft survival in this group = 300.0 +/- 110.6 days). Overall 6-mo patient survival after a second liver transplant was 46.
CITATION Hepatology. 1991 Dec;14(6):1054-62