Association of increased erythrocyte Na+/H+ exchanger with renal Na+ retention in patients with essential hypertension
Díez J., Alonso A., Garciandía A., López R., Gómez-Alamillo C., Arrázola A., Fortuño A.
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
The goal of this study was to investigate the activity of the Na+/H+ exchanger in erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension and its relation with urinary Na+ excretion. The study was performed in cells from 27 untreated hypertensive patients and 30 normotensive controls with similar age and sex distribution. All subjects were studied after 4 days on a controlled Na+ diet (145 mmol/day).
The activity of the Na+/H+ exchanger was determined by acidifying cell pH and measuring the initial rate of the net Na(+)-dependent H+ efflux. The activity of the Na+/H+ exchanger was higher in hypertensive patients than in controls (301 +/- 45 v 162 +/- 23 mmol/L cells/h, mean +/- SEM; P < .01). With the upper limit of the normotensive population as a cut-off point (385 mmol/L cells/h), a subgroup of 12 hypertensive patients had an abnormally high activity of Na+/H+ exchanger. Compared with controls and with patients with normal exchanger activity, patients with increased exchanger activity were characterized by lower net (P < .01) and fractional (P < .05) Na+ excretion.
The accumulative Na+ balance was higher (P < .01) in hypertensive patients with increased activity of the exchanger (39.90 +/- 3.47 mmol) than in the remaining hypertensive patients (0.59 +/- 6.96 mmol) or in the normotensive population (-5.71 +/- 6.12 mmol). After analyzing the relationship of renin activity with Na+ excretion it was observed that renin activity was inappropriately low in 9 (75%) patients with increased exchanger, in 6 (40%) patients with normal exchanger, and in 6 (20%) normotensives, these differences being significant (P<.01).
CITATION Am J Hypertens. 1995 Feb;8(2):124-32