Antioxidant vitamins increase the collagen content and reduce MMP-1 in a porcine model of atherosclerosis: implications for plaque stabilization
Orbe J, Rodríguez JA, Arias R, Belzunce M, Nespereira B, Pérez-Ilzarbe M, Roncal C, Páramo JA.
Atherosclerosis Research Laboratory, Division of Cardiovascular Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, CIFA, E-31008 Pamplona, Spain.
Date: Mar 1, 2003Hematología y Hemoterapia [SP]
Degradation of extracellular matrix, particularly interstitial collagen, promotes plaque instability and contributes to restenosis after vascular injury.
We have explored the effects of vitamins C and E on the collagen content and metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression after angioplasty in hypercholesterolemic pigs. Iliac angioplasty was performed on 18 minipigs divided into three diet groups: a normal-cholesterol (NC), a high-cholesterol (HC) and a high-cholesterol plus vitamins C+E (HCV).
Four weeks later, after sacrifice, the vascular collagen content and MMP-1 protein expression, along with the plasma caseinolytic activity and lipid peroxidation, were measured. MMP-1 was also determined in arterial rings stimulated with native low-density lipoproteins (LDL) isolated from experimental groups. Cholesterol-rich diet augmented plasma lipid peroxidation (P<0.05), reduced the collagen content and increased vascular MMP-1 expression after injury (P<0.05).
Enhanced caseinolytic activity (identified as MMP-1) was also observed in HC plasma samples and in supernatants from arterial rings incubated with HC-LDL. Vitamins C and E markedly increased neointimal collagen content (P<0.01), reduced the hypercholesterolemia-induced changes in vascular MMP-1 (P<0.05) and diminished plasma and ex vivo caseinolytic activity.
Vitamins C and E may help stabilize atherosclerotic plaque after angioplasty and favor vascular remodeling by increasing collagen content and reducing vascular MMP-1 expression in porcine hypercholesterolemia.
CITATION Atherosclerosis. 2003 Mar;167(1):45-53
you mayBE INTERESTED
The Clínica is the greater private hospital with technological equipment of Spain, all in a single center.
The professionals of the Clínica perform continuous research and training, always to the benefit of the patient.
Learn why we are different from other healthcare centers. Quality, speed, comfort and results.