Scientific publications

Analysis of monocitary subpopulations in relation to cardiovascular risk factors

Jul 1, 2019 | Magazine: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis

María Marcos Jubilar  1 , Josune Orbe  2 , Carmen Roncal  2 , Alejandro Fernández Montero  3 , Inmaculada Colina  4 , Raquel Rodil  5 , José Antonio Rodriguez  2 , Aintzane Zabaleta  6 , Bruno Paiva  6 , Juan Carlos Pastrana  4 , José A Páramo  7

Introduction: Monocytes play an important role in atherosclerotic progression having both pro and anti-inflammatory effects depending on different circulating monocyte subpopulations. The objective of this study is to characterize these subpopulations and their association with cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods: Transversal study including 102 selected patients, mean age: 65 years-old (range 41-86), 69% males. A set of specific antibodies against classical monocytes (Mon1, CD14+CD16- CD300e+HLADR+), intermediate (Mon2, CD14+CD16+CD300e+HLADR+) and non-classical (Mon3, CD14-CD16+CD300e+HLADR+) was assayed. Three groups of patients were included: 17 asymptomatic with more than one cardiovascular risk factor (group 1), 56 subjects asymptomatic but with vascular pathology assessed by ultrasound or microalbuminuria (group 2) and 19 patients with a previous atherothrombotic event (group 3). The cardiovascular risk was determined by Framingham and REGICOR scores.

Results: An association between study groups and the percentage of Mon1 and Mon2 was observed (ANOVA, p<.05), being independent of age and sex for Mon2. Likewise Mon1 and Mon2 subpopulations were associated with cardiovascular adverse events (β=0.86, p=.02 y β=0.1 p=.002, respectively), independently of age and sex in the case of Mon2. Moreover the percentage of Mon3 was associated with the presence of several cardiovascular risk factors (β=0.21, p=.04) in the univariate analysis. In addition, there was a correlation between the levels of Mon1 and Mon2 and leukocytes (r=0.7, p<.001 and r=0.26, p=.01, respectively).

Conclusions: The analysis of monocyte subpopulations may be clinically useful to stratify the inflammatory profile related to the different cardiovascular risk groups.

CITATION  Clin Investig Arterioscler. Jul-Aug 2019;31(4):152-159.  doi: 10.1016/j.arteri.2019.02.003. Epub 2019 Apr 6.