Altered intestinal transport of amino acids in cirrhotic rats: the effect of insulin-like growth factor-I.
Pascual M, Castilla-Cortazar I, Urdaneta E, Quiroga J, Garcia M, Picardi A, Prieto J.
Department of Human Physiology, Liver Unit, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
Magazine: American Journal of Phisiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Date: Aug 1, 2000Hepatology
The intestine is an important target organ for insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), an anabolic hormone synthesized in the liver upon growth hormone (GH) stimulation. Levels of IGF-I are reduced in cirrhosis, and altered GH/IGF-I axis may contribute to malnutrition in cirrhotic patients.
Our aim was to study Na(+)-dependent jejunal transport of amino acids (L-leucine, L-proline, L-glutamic acid, and L-cysteine) in cirrhotic rats and to analyze the effect of IGF-I on this function. IGF-I or saline was administered for 2 wk to rats with CCl(4)-induced cirrhosis and saline was administered to healthy control rats. Transport of amino acids was assessed in brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV) using (14)C- or (35)S-labeled amino acids, and the kinetic constants V(max) and K(t) were determined. Na(+)-independent uptake of L-leucine, L-proline, L-glutamic acid, and L-cysteine by BBMV was similar in all groups. Na(+)-dependent uptake of all four amino acids was significantly diminished in cirrhotic rats compared with both controls and IGF-I-treated cirrhotic rats.
The latter two groups exhibited similar V(max) and K(t), whereas untreated cirrhotic rats had reduced V(max) and increased K(t) compared with normal controls and IGF-I-treated cirrhotic animals. In conclusion, the transport of all four tested amino acids by BBMV is impaired in cirrhotic rats, and low doses of IGF-I can correct this defect.
CITATION Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2000 Aug;279(2):G319-24
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