Aldosterone induces cardiotrophin-1 expression in HL-1 adult cardiomyocytes
López-Andrés N., Íñigo C., Gallego I., Díez J., Fortuño M.A.
Centre for Applied Medical Research, Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Clinic, Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pio XII, 55, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.
Aldosterone (ALDO) may induce cardiac hypertrophy by nonhemodynamic mechanisms that are not completely defined. Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a cytokine that exerts hypertrophic actions on isolated cardiomyocytes and promotes cardiac hypertrophy in vivo.
We investigated whether ALDO induces CT-1 expression in HL-1 cardiomyocytes aiming at the possibility that the cytokine is involved in ALDO-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. mRNA and protein expression were quantified by RT-PCR and Western blot. Cardiomyocyte area, as an index of hypertrophy, was assayed by image analysis in phalloidin-stained HL-1 cells. ALDO addition to adult HL-1 cardiomyocytes increased (P<0.01) CT-1 mRNA and protein expression in a concentration-dependent manner.
This effect was abrogated by actinomycin D, the mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptor antagonists spironolactone and RU486, respectively, and the p38 MAPK blocker SB203580. CT-1 signaling pathway blockade with specific antibodies against the cytokine and its two receptor subunits avoided (P<0.01) alpha-sarcomeric actin and c-fos protein overexpression as well as cell size increase induced by ALDO in HL-1 cells. In vivo, a single ALDO injection acutely increased (P<0.01) the myocardial expression of CT-1 in C57BJ6 wild-type mice but not CT-1-null mice. The bolus of the mineralocorticoid increased (P<0.01) ANP and c-fos mRNA expression in the myocardium of wild-type mice, whereas no changes were observed in CT-1-null mice.
In summary, ALDO induces CT-1 expression in adult HL-1 cardiomyocytes via genomic and nongenomic mechanisms. CT-1 up-regulation could have relevance in the direct hypertrophic effects of ALDO in cardiomyocytes.
CITATION Endocrinology. 2008 Oct;149(10):4970-8