A novel mutation Thr162Arg of the melanocortin 4 receptor gene in a Spanish children and adolescent population
Ochoa MC, Azcona C, Biebermann H, Brumm H, Razquin C, Wermter AK, Martínez JA, Hebebrand J, Hinney A, Moreno-Aliaga MJ, Marti A, Patiño A, Chueca M, Oyarzabal M, Pelach R; Grupo de Estudio Navarro de la Obesidad Infantil (GENOI).
The melanocortin 4 receptor gene (MC4R) is involved in body weight regulation. While many studies associated MC4R mutations with childhood obesity, information on MC4R mutations in Spanish children and adolescents is lacking. Our objective was to screen a population of children and adolescents from the north of Spain (Navarra) for MC4R mutations and to study the phenotypes of carriers and their families. In addition, functional assays were performed for a novel MC4R mutation.
The study was composed of 451 Spanish children and adolescents (49% boys), aged 5-18 year. According to the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria, the groups included 160 obese, 132 overweight and 159 normal-weight control subjects.
One novel (Thr162Arg) and three known nonsynonymous mutations in the MC4R gene (Ser30Phe, Thr150Ile, Ala244Glu) were detected heterozygously. The MC4R mutations were found in three male (one obese and two overweight) and two female subjects (one obese and one overweight). The novel mutation did not appear to lead to an impaired receptor function. An unequivocal relationship of MC4R mutations with obesity in pedigrees together with an impaired function of the encoded receptor could not be established for any of the mutations.
The presence of heterozygous MC4R mutations in obese and overweight subjects indicates that these mutations may be a susceptibility factor for obesity development, but lifestyle factors, such as exercise or sedentary activities, may modify their effect.
CITATION Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2007 May;66(5):652-8