Digestive Tract Tumours area

The Digestive Tract Tumours Area is made up of a multidisciplinary team of experts in diagnosis and treatment of digestive tract diseases. This includes specialists in the digestive system, radiology, pathological anatomy, surgery, medical oncology, radiotherapy and nursing staff.

The 20% of patients affected by colon cancer have a close family member (parent, sibling, or child), who has been diagnosed with colon cancer.

Between 3-5% of colon cancer cases correspond to well-known and specific hereditary cancer syndromes, for which we know at what age polyps or tumours appear, their evolution, what surgical treatments must be used and the risk of developing other tumours in other parts of the body, which must also be monitored.

The characteristics known about a patient could correspond to one of the three most common known hereditary syndromes and specialists must check whether one of the genes responsible for this condition is present.

We develop diagnosis and treatment research projects for colorectal cancer with the Centre for Applied Medical Investigation at the University of Navarra (CIMA).

Colon cancer is the most common type of cancer in Spain, but if it's detected early can be cured in 90% of cases. [Video only available in Spanish]

Surgery is key for controlling the disease. But, this tumour develops abdominal relapses and metastases. Surgery must be completed with chemotherapy before and after or, after, with chemotherapy and radiotherapy".

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is common and can be cured if detected early on.

Colon cancer develops as a polyp which becomes malignant. 80% of the cases are sporadic, but 20% have a genetic influence.

It is a common type of cancer and if the tumour is detected in its early stages, it can be cured in more than 90% of cases.

The majority of colon tumours are adenocarcinomas. This malignant tumour can grow locally (moving through the different layers of the wall of the digestive tract and can reach the organs in the abdomen), by lymphatic spreading to the lymph nodes or haematogenous spreading (through the blood, reaching the liver, lung, bone and brain).

> Read more about colorectal cancer

Stomach cancer
The occurrence of stomach tumours has reduced in the last few years.

Despite this, gastric cancer is a common type of tumour.

> Read more about stomach cancer

Oesophageal cancer
Oesophageal cancer is the fourth most common tumour in the digestive system (after colorectal, gastric and hepatic cancer) and is amongst the top ten most common types of cancer in the world.

> Read more about oesophageal cancer

Each person has an individual risk of contracting colon cancer which depends on many factors, some of which are very clear.

You have a “normal” risk level if you are 50 years old and don´t suffer from any of the following risk factors:

  • Personal or family history of Colon cancer or adenomatous polyposis
  • Family history (parents, siblings and/or children) with Colon cancer or adenomatous polyposis
  • Family history of multiple types of cancer, especially breast, ovarian and uterine cancer
  • Diagnosis of a chronic inflammatory intestinal disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease)
  • Depending on your personal characteristics and family history, periodic testing is advised from a certain age and with a specific regularity. There are also hereditary diseases with higher risk of developing Colon cancer.
  • Between 3-5% of Colon cancer cases correspond to known and identified hereditary cancer syndromes.

The Clínica has created a Prevention and Consultation of High Risk Digestive Tumours Unit to determine whether a genetic predisposition exists in a patient and to make the patient´s family aware of the possibility that they could contract the tumorous disease. In such a case as this, they will be informed of the appropriate follow-up care to avoid this. 

The most common tests carried out are:

Other tests to complete the diagnosis are:


To cure your disease, our available treatments include:

Therapeutic procedures

We have established therapeutic procedures so that our specialists can offer our patients the best care when treating their diseases.

  • Metastatic Colon Cancer
  • Non-metastatic Colon Cancer
  • Metastasis Rectal Cancer
  • Non-metastasis Rectal Cancer



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Imagen Alfredo V., paciente de la Clínica

Overcoming a disease such as this is similar to climbing a mountain. You have to be patient and aware that the summit is far away and that there are different levels to reach".

Alfredo V.

Patient treated for colon carcinoma

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