Diseases we treat
We treat all pathologies, in a personalised manner, with the best professional team. We have the latest techniques for the treatment of each disease.
Some of these diseases include bullosa diseases, caused by antibodies; photoaging, provoked by continued aggression from solar radiation and which can cause actinic keratosis, skin cancer, etc.; hemangiomas and vascular malformations, which are most common on the head and neck; caused by excess sweat (hyperhidrosis); melanomas, one of the most aggressive and malignant tumours; cutaneous tumours; or, stable vitiligo, which causes the appearance of white patches on the skin.
The Autoimmune Bullosa Diseases Unit at the Clínica Universidad de Navarra aims to diagnose, follow-up and treat all effects resulting from the presence of bullosas on the skin and/or the mucus caused by antibodies.
Bullosa autoimmune diseases develop when an organism creates antibodies which attack the skin´s proteins (as a result of desmosomes or hemidesmosomes), altering and weakening the skin´s structure.
Over the years, skin loses its natural properties, especially its elasticity, firmness and it becomes drier.
Furthermore, as we grow older, changes occur in the pigmentation of our skin, and hyperpigmented lesions known as age spots (solar lentigines) can appear.
Photoaging is caused as a result of continuous aggression on the skin, above all, from solar radiation. This radiation deteriorates the collagen in the skin, changing its structure, elasticity and firmness.
Inadequate sun exposure also causes, along with the effects of other atmospheric agents, a loss of water content and speeds up the aging process.
As a result of this, the skin suffers and deteriorates more quickly, aging earlier on (wrinkles, bags) that can make people look older than they are, especially when these changes appear on the face (which is normally the most affected area).
The main complication with photoaging is the development of actinic keratosis (rough, reddish, pre-cancerous lesions) and skin cancer, with both basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas.
Other signs of photoaging include:
- Pigmented lesions (lentigines) or white patches (hypomelanosis)
- Small vascular dilations (telangiectasias)
- Average or deep wrinkles which don´t coincide with natural expression lines.
- Giant comedones and cysts.
- The main aim is to sufficiently protect the skin from the sun.
- Topical medical treatments: currently, the most efficient treatment is topical isotretinoin. There are other treatments such as glycolic acid and vitamin C, which are also effective.
- Systematic treatments with antioxidants, like vitamin C, green tea extracts and beta-carotene.
- Surgical treatments, like average-deep peelings, CO2 lasers, non-ablative resurfacing procedures.
Haemangioma is a benign vascular tumour, although it can be present at birth (30% of cases), in the majority of cases it appears in the first few weeks of a baby´s life.
It is most commonly found on the head and neck (80%), followed by the abdomen and limbs (20%), although it can also appear anywhere else on the body, including on internal organs.
Hyperhidrosis is an increase in sweat in certain areas of the body, causing an increase in sweat gland secretions.
Usually, the glands´ hyperactivity is caused by nervous hyperstimulation, provoked by emotional, tense or stressful situations, drug side effects or high temperatures.
This problem, which can make it impossible for the patient to work or engage socially, affects around 1% of the population, and almost half of those cases are hereditary.
Melanoma is one of the most aggressive tumours with high malignancy whose appearance has increased alarmingly in the last few years, probably because of people´s sun exposure habits. The best prevention against Melanomas is early diagnosis.
Melanoma originates on the skin´s surface, more precisely, in melanocytes, the cells which give skin it´s darker colour, they can form a new mole or develop in one that already exists.
In general, these lesions grow very slowly and are easily visible.
In the initial stages of the disease, when the melanoma grows on the skin´s surface and doesn´t penetrate the skin, it has an excellent prognosis and is cured with a simple surgical procedure. When it grows deeper, the prognosis gets worse and it´s possible that it will spread to other parts of the body, through lymphatic circulation.
Any patches on the skin which change in size, form or colour must be immediately examined by a doctor. Also, any sores, lumps, imperfections or unusual marks, including any changes to the look of a section of skin.
Basal Cell Carcinomas
- Stems from the most basal epidermis cells
- Usually appears in skin areas chronically exposed to the sun
- Appears as an ulcerated, pearlescent or, simply, a change in the cutaneous colouring without any history of previous premalignant lesions
Squamous Cell Carcinomas
- Made up of cells which under normal conditions are part of the stratum spinosum (one of the layers) of the epidermis.
- It usually appears, in the majority of cases, as a crusty lesion on reddish skin (actinic keratoses).
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease which appears on the skin and affects 2% of the population.
It appears as hyperpigmented (white) spots or patches on the skin. These patches usually arise in areas which experience friction or have undergone some form of trauma, although it´s usually more evident in areas exposed to the sun like the face or the backs of the hands.
Although, this condition doesn´t cause any complications from a clinical point of view, it does present a big aesthetic problem, above all for people with dark skin which means the patches have a greater contrast against their skin.