Vertebral Tumors

"Surgery for vertebral tumors is usually very aggressive and complicated. If the resection is performed completely and en bloc, the success rates increase significantly."


What is a vertebral tumor?

Vertebral tumors are neoplasms that affect the spine, can affect the bone and its attachments (vertebral or spinal tumor) or that are found in the spinal canal and injure nerve structures (myelo-radicular tumor)

The most frequent vertebral tumor usually comes from neoplasms in other parts of the body that extend over a distance. This is known as metastasis. The most frequent come from the prostate, breast, lung, and kidney.

Although the vertebral tumor sits on the bone, if it grows a lot it can affect the stability of the vertebrae or fracture the bone, but it can also compress the nervous system, causing pain and/or neurological deficits. For these reasons, whether benign or malignant, they can cause a risk to the patient's life.


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What are the symptoms of a spinal tumor?

Bone tumors in the spine can give local pain, and are typically worse at night. They are often especially painful malignancies. Spinous palpation at the level of the lesion often exacerbates the pain.

Also they can cause a similar symptomatology to a herniated disc or a stenosis of channel like radicular pain (in legs or arms), loss of sensitivity or alterations in the same one, diminution in mobility, instability etc. And in the most severe cases, loss of strength and sphincter control.

The most common symptoms are:

  • Local pain that worsens at night.
  • Pain that radiates to legs or arms.
  • Loss of sensitivity, decreased mobility, instability, etc.

Do you have any of these symptoms?

You may have a spinal tumor

How is a spinal tumor diagnosed?

<p>Resonancia magn&eacute;tica</p>

A suspected spinal tumor may be initiated by a simple radiological study; however, extension of the study by CT and MRI is mandatory.

How are spinal tumors treated?

Vertebral tumors can be treated in different ways.

From conservative treatment and close monitoring, to aggressive surgery with adjuvant oncological treatment, to chemo or simple radiotherapy.

It is usually the case that after a vertebral tumour resection it is necessary to replace the bone with osteosynthesis material in order to stabilize the spine, with body substitutes, disc substitutes etc. 

Where do we treat them?


The Department of Neurosurgery
at the Clínica Universidad de Navarra

The Neurosurgery Department has specialists with a great deal of experience in care and research and the most advanced technology.

We are the only Spanish center that incorporates high field intraoperative magnetic resonance (3T). This allows the maximum precision and control in cranial surgery.

We are the Spanish medical center with the most experience in Parkinson's surgery by means of deep brain stimulation. We have the latest technology with localized ultrasound (HIFU) and extensive experience in treating essential tremor and Parkinson's disease without an incision.

Treatments we perform

Imagen de la fachada de consultas de la sede en Pamplona de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

Why in Navarre?

  • The only Spanish center with a high field intraoperative magnetic resonance (3T).
  • Precision and minimally invasive surgery.
  • Experts in the use of HIFU for the treatment of tremor.

Our team of professionals

Neurosurgical specialists with experience in the treatment of vertebral tumors