Safety and activity of anti-mesothelin antibody-drug conjugate anetumab ravtansine in combination with pegylated-liposomal doxorubicin in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer: multicenter, phase Ib dose escalation and expansion study
Alessandro D Santin 1 , Ignace Vergote 2 , Antonio González-Martín 3 , Kathleen Moore 4 , Ana Oaknin 5 , Ignacio Romero 6 , Sami Diab 7 , Larry J Copeland 8 , Bradley J Monk 9 , Robert L Coleman 10 , Thomas J Herzog 11 , Jonathan Siegel 12 , Linda Kasten 13 , Andreas Schlicker 14 , Anke Schulz 14 , Karl Köchert 14 , Annette O Walter 14 , Barrett H Childs 12 , Cem Elbi 12 , Iurie Bulat 15
Objectives: Anetumab ravtansine is an antibody-drug conjugate consisting of a fully human anti-mesothelin monoclonal antibody conjugated to cytotoxic maytansinoid tubulin inhibitor DM4. Mesothelin is highly expressed in ovarian cancer. This phase Ib study determines the safety, pharmacokinetics, and anti-tumor activity of anetumab ravtansine and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in mesothelin-expressing platinum-resistant ovarian cancer.
Methods: Anetumab ravtansine (5.5 or 6.5 mg/kg) and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (30 mg/m2) were administered intravenously every 3 weeks to 65 patients with platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian cancer. Mesothelin expression was assessed by central immunohistochemistry. Adverse events, tumor response (RECIST 1.1), and progression-free survival were determined. Biomarker samples were assessed by ELISA and next-generation sequencing.
Results: In dose escalation, nine patients received anetumab ravtansine across two doses (5.5 or 6.5 mg/kg). The maximum tolerated dose of anetumab ravtansine was 6.5 mg/kg every 3 weeks and no dose-limiting toxicities were observed. In dose expansion, 56 patients were treated at the maximum tolerated dose. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events of any grade were nausea (47.7%), decreased appetite (43.1%), fatigue (38.5%), diarrhea (32.3%), and corneal disorder (29.2%). In all treated patients the objective response rate was 27.7% (95% CI 17.3% to 40.2%), including one complete (1.5%) and 17 partial responses (26.2%), with median duration of response of 7.6 (95% CI 3.3 to 10.2) months and median progression-free survival of 5.0 (95% CI 3.2 to 6.0) months. In an exploratory analysis of a sub-set of patients (n=19) with high mesothelin expression who received ≤3 prior lines of systemic therapy, the objective response rate was 42.1% (95% CI 20.3% to 66.5%) with a median duration of response of 8.3 (95% CI 4.1 to 12.0) months and median progression-free survival of 8.5 (95% CI 4.0 to 11.4) months.
Conclusions: Anetumab ravtansine and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin showed tolerability and promising clinical activity. These results established the dose schedule and the mesothelin-positive target population of this combination for a phase III study in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer.
CITATION Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2023 Apr 3;33(4):562-570. doi: 10.1136/ijgc-2022-003927