Loss of renal graft due to recurrent IgA nephropathy with rapidly progressive course: an unusual clinical evolution
Rafael Díaz-Tejeiro (a), Francisco Maduell (a), Javier Diez (b), Noemi Esparza (a), Pedro Errasti (a), Andres Purroy (a), Javier Pardo (c)
Departments of (a) Nephrology and (c) Pathology, University Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; (b)Department of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Spain
Recurrence of IgA nephropathy following renal transplantation has been described in 40-50% of patients, and it usually has a good outcome.
We present the case of a 54-year-old man with IgA nephropathy who developed terminal renal failure in 1985, 3 years after the onset of the disease. In March 1986 he received a cadaveric renal allograft following treatment with ciclosporin and steroids. Eight months later he developed microhaematuria and proteinuria and 10 months later he developed acute nephritic syndrome and rapidly progressive renal failure. Renal biopsy disclosed an IgA nephropathy with epithelial crescents in 60% of glomeruli.
Treatment with plasma exchange and cyclophosphamide was unsuccessful and the patient lost his graft and returned to regular haemodialysis 15 months after renal transplantation.
CITATION Nephron. 1990;54(4):341-3