Infiltrating bladder carcinoma: influence of complementary treatment on local control and survival
Berián Polo JM, Robles García JE, de Castro Barbosa F.
Departamento de Urología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplon
We analyzed 82 patients with transitional bladder cancer stages (T2-T4) M0. According to treatment, 3 different groups were considered: Group 1: 25 patients treated with TUR and radical cystectomy. Group 2: 33 patients also received external beam radiotherapy (45-60 Gy/5 weeks) prior cystectomy. Group 3: 24 patients were also treated with intraoperative radiotherapy (15 Gy) and 3 courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Our results suggest that local control rate increases significantly with the intensity of treatment (Group 3: 62% patients were PT0). Similar results were achieved in multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis of survival shows ganglionar status, vascular embolism and treatment intensity as covariates associated. Multivariate analysis demonstrate that renal function and type of complementary treatment were the covariates associated with survival. Taking both groups 2 and 3, survival was related to pathologic stage, vascular embolism and renal function.
In conclusion, the significant influence of complementary treatment on the local control and survival suggest strongly their systematic utilization in infiltrating bladder cancer.
CITATION Actas Urol Esp. 1994 May;18 Suppl:520-6