Understanding illnesses through a film festival: An observational study
Reigada C (1,2), Martín-Utrilla S (3,4), Pérez-Ros P (5), Centeno C (1,2,6), Sandgren A (7), Gómez-Baceiredo B (8).
(1) University of Navarra, Institute for Culture and Society, ATLANTES Research Programme, Pamplona, Spain.
(2) Institute of Health Research of Navarra (IdiSNA), Pamplona, Spain.
(3) Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir, GRICPAL Research Group, Valencia, Spain.
(4) Palliative Care Unit, Valencia Institute of Oncology, Valencia, Spain.
(5) Faculty of Nursing, Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Martir, Valencia, Spain.
(6) Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Palliative Care Department, Spain.
(7) Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
(8) School of Communication, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
Audio-visual materials play a fundamental role in the context of education, care and clinical treatment, as they seem to have a high impact on public awareness.
This study aims to describe what messages are perceived by the society at an International Festival of Short Films and Art on Diseases that may help to understand difficult topics, such as illness, dying and suffering. Through an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, using full participant observation and an open, self-administered questionnaire, 32 short films were analysed during a healthcare art festival. Categories were developed using inductive content analysis.
The message perceived by the participants, after the viewing of the shorts and reflection of the debates among the attendees, were considered in four categories: i) creative and positive education is possible; ii) awareness of preconception and practical duties; iii) meaning of life changes the experience of illness; iv) family and caregivers also experienced suffering.
The short films are considered as an excellent tool to generate social dialogue and debate. Public events can be understood as an opportunity to acquire, in an emotional and critical manner, other competencies for public awareness. Together, they are capable of communicating difficult messages through a fast, positive, and creative way.
CITATION Heliyon. 2019 Aug 14;5(8):e02196. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02196. eCollection 2019 Aug