Multipotent adult progenitor cell transplantation increases vascularity and improves left ventricular function after myocardial infarction
Pelacho B, Nakamura Y, Zhang J, Ross J, Heremans Y, Nelson-Holte M, Lemke B, Hagenbrock J, Jiang Y, Prosper F, Luttun A, Verfaillie CM.
Stem Cell Institute, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Progressive contractile dysfunction of viable myocardium that surrounds a large infarct leads to heart failure following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Experimental evidence indicates that cellular transplantation may improve the left ventricular (LV) contractile performance, even though the underlying mechanisms remain undefined.
Here, we compared the effect of transplantation of murine multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs), a population of adult bone marrow-derived cells that differentiate into cells of mesodermal, endodermal and ectodermal origin, with murine bone marrow cells (BMCs) or fibroblasts on post-infarct cardiac function by peri-infarct injection after coronary artery ligation in mice. We demonstrate that, in contrast to the other cell populations, transplantation of MAPCs significantly improved LV contractile function for at least 8 weeks post-transplantation and, although BMCs reduced infarct size, the decrease in scar size was substantially greater in MAPC-treated hearts. As neither MAPCs nor BMCs were present beyond 1 week, the beneficial effect was not due to differentiation and direct contribution of MAPCs to the vascular or cardiomyocyte compartment. Significantly more inflammatory cells were present in MAPC- than BMC-treated hearts at 1 week, which was accompanied by increased vascularity 8 weeks post-transplantation.
We hypothesize that MAPCs indirectly contributed to these effects, by secreting inflammatory [monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP)-1], and vascular growth factors [vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB, and transforming growth factor (TGF)beta(1)), and others, resulting in increased angiogenensis and cardioprotection.
CITATION J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2007 Jan-Feb;1(1):51-9