Lifestyles guide and glaucoma (II). Diet, supplements, drugs, sleep, pregnancy, and systemic hypertension
Antón-López A (1), Moreno-Montañés J (2), Duch-Tuesta S (3), Corsino Fernández-Vila P (4), García-Feijoo J (5), Millá-Griñó E (6), Muñoz-Negrete FJ (7), Pablo-Júlvez L (8), Rodríguez-Agirretxe I (9), Urcelay-Segura JL (10), Ussa-Herrera F (11), Villegas-Pérez MP (12); y Grupo Español de Estilos de Vida y Glaucoma.
To establish evidence based guidelines to advise patients on the relationship between habits, diet, certain circumstances, diseases and glaucoma.
Review of all published articles on glaucoma and sports or other activities. The papers were classified according to the level of scientific evidence based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine classification.
The evidence on the relationship between diet or supplements and the incidence or progression of glaucoma is insufficient to make a general recommendation for glaucoma patients.
Although some studies on normal tension glaucoma suggest that Gingko biloba could reduce glaucoma progression, the results do not allow a general recommendation for all these patients.
Similarly, the evidence on the usefulness of vitamin supplements is not conclusive. The studies on smoking do not clearly demonstrate the relationship between this habit and incidence of glaucoma. Marihuana is not a useful treatment for glaucoma.
Although the results on the relationship between sleep apnoea and glaucoma are heterogeneous, it is recommended that patients with moderate to intense apnoea are tested for glaucoma.
Pregnancy does not influence the course of the disease, but several hypotensive drugs may be harmful for the foetus. Nocturnal systemic hypotension is a risk factor for glaucoma progression.
Certain habits, circumstances, or diseases may have an influence on the onset or progression of glaucoma. It is important to have adequate information about the scientific evidence in the publications in order to properly advise patients.
CITATION Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2017 Nov 14. pii: S0365-6691(17)30282-4. doi: 10.1016/j.oftal.2017.10.001.