Increased cardiovascular risk markers in obesity are associated with body adiposity: role of leptin
Epidemiological studies have shown that obesity is associated with increased blood concentrations of proinflammatory factors and markers of endothelial dysfunction such as fibrinogen, C-reactive protein (CRP), and von Willebrand factor (vWF).
We analyzed the association of these markers with percentage of body fat (BF), and the influence of leptin in a cross-sectional study of 1,089 subjects (366 men) aged 44 (34-53) [median (interquartile range)] years, who were classified as obese or nonobese according to BF estimated by whole-body air displacement plethysmography. Obesity was defined as BF >or= 25% in men and >or= 35% in women. Compared with non-obese subjects (mean +/- SD), obese patients had higher concentrations of fibrinogen (312 +/- 78 vs. 342 +/- 81 mg/dl, P < 0.001), CRP (0.41 +/- 0.75 vs. 0.75 +/- 1.04 mg/l, P = 0.014), vWF (107 +/- 29 vs. 123 +/- 55%, P < 0.001), and leptin (10.4 +/- 6.5 vs. 37.5 +/- 26.1 ng/ml, P < 0.0001). A positive correlation was observed between BF and fibrinogen (r = 0.266; P < 0.0001), logCRP (r = 0.409; P < 0.0001), and vWF (r = 206; P < 0.0001). Leptin was correlated with fibrinogen (r = 0.219, P < 0.0001), logCRP (r = 0., P < 0.0001), and vWF (r = 0.124, P = 0.002), but the statistical significance was lost after including BF in adjusted-correlation and multivariate analysis, suggesting that they are not regulated by leptin per se.
In conclusion, the obesity-associated increase in the circulating concentrations of fibrinogen, CRP, and vWF is highly associated to BF and apparently not determined by leptin.
CITATION Thromb Haemost. 2006 Jun;95(6):991-6