Effect of the administration of recombinant hirudin and/or tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) on endotoxin-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation model in rabbits
Muñoz MC, Montes R, Hermida J, Orbe J, Páramo JA, Rocha E.
Laboratory of Vascular Biology and Thrombosis, Haematology Service, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
We evaluated the effect of r-hirudin and/or tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) in a model of DIC in rabbits induced by i.v. infusion of 100 micrograms/kg/h/6 h endotoxin. Rabbits were treated with saline (endotoxin control group), r-hirudin at 0.3 mg/kg/h/6 h, t-PA at 0.3 mg/kg for 90 min and r-hirudin plus t-PA at the doses described above.
The best results were achieved when r-hirudin and t-PA were infused together. This treatment reduced the consumption of platelets and protein C and attenuated the increase of PAI-1 more efficiently than r-hirudin or t-PA alone. r-Hirudin plus t-PA also resulted in the lowest formation of fibrin deposits in the kidneys. Finally, mortality at 24 h dropped from 70% in the endotoxin control group to 40%, 10% and 0% in the t-PA, r-hirudin and r-hirudin plus t-PA groups respectively. None of the t-PA-infused rabbits which had died by 24 h showed macroscopic signs of haemorrhage. r-Hirudin alone was better than t-PA alone, as was shown by fibrin deposits and mortality. We conclude that r-hirudin and t-PA given simultaneously were more efficient than either given alone in this model of DIC.
Effective thrombin inhibition, which could influence other pathophysiological mechanisms apart from coagulation, together with the improvement in fibrinolysis, would explain these results.
CITATION Br J Haematol. 1999 Apr;105(1):117-21