Association of depression phenotypes and antidepressant treatment with mortality due to cancer and other causes: a community-based cohort study
Anna Vilalta-Lacarra 1 , Joan Vilalta-Franch 2 , Domènec Serrano-Sarbosa 2 3 4 , Ruth Martí-Lluch 2 5 , Jaume Marrugat 6 7 , Josep Garre-Olmo 2 8
Objective: This study aimed to assess the association of somatic depressive symptoms (SDS), cognitive/emotional depressive symptoms (C-EDS), and antidepressant treatment on mortality due to cancer and other causes in a community cohort.
Methods: A community-based sample recruited in 1995, 2000, and 2005 aged between 35 and 75 years was examined in two waves and followed for a median of 6.7 years. SDS and C-EDS phenotypes were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Medication used by participants was collected. Deaths and their causes were registered during follow-up. Cox proportional hazard models stratified by sex were performed to determine the association between depressive phenotypes and mortality.
Results: The cohort consisted of 5,646 individuals (53.9% women) with a mean age of 64 years (SD = 11.89). During the follow-up, 392 deaths were recorded, of which 27.8% were due to cancer. C-EDS phenotype was associated with an increased risk of cancer mortality in both men (HR = 2.23; 95% CI = 1.11-4.44) and women (HR = 3.69; 95% CI = 1.69-8.09), and SDS was significantly associated with non-cancer mortality in men (HR = 2.16; 95 CI % = 1.46-3.18). Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) were significantly associated with both cancer (HR = 2.78; 95% CI = 1.10-6.98) and non-cancer mortality (HR = 2.94; 95% CI = 1.76-4.90) only in the male population.
Conclusion: C-EDS phenotype was related to an increased risk of cancer mortality at 6 years. In addition, the use of SSRIs in the male population was associated with cancer and all-cause mortality.
CITATION Front Psychol. 2023 Aug 24;14:1192462. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1192462