Clinical Optometry takes care of visual problems such as visual disability, legal or total blindness. These diseases imply an important reduction of central visual acuity or an important loss of visual field. This field also has a role in basic and visual rehabilitation.
Thea Clinical Optometry field also treats corneal problems and eye imperfections.
Orthoptics is the field in charge of eye exercises to improve some ocular defects. Orthoptics improves ocular convergence, ocular divergence, it stimulates or relaxes the system that focuses and moves the eyes.