Papanicolaou test

"It is frequently used to diagnose cervical cancer".

The Papanicolau test, also known as cervico-vaginal cytology, consists of taking a cytological sample from the vagina and cervix.

It is used for the diagnosis of cervical cancer precursor lesions or cancer itself.

At the Clinica we offer individualized, state-of-the-art, multidisciplinary treatment. Our patients benefit from a treatment plan in which, in addition to the gynecological oncologist, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and pathologists work as a team in a rapid and coordinated manner.

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When is a Pap test indicated?

The so-called human papilloma virus or HPV, a sexually transmitted infection, plays a major role in causing cervical cancer in most cases.

Half of all cervical cancers occur between the ages of 35 and 55.

Thanks to prevention through the cervical-vaginal cytology or Pap test, death from this type of cancer has decreased dramatically over the past 50 years.

Most frequent indications of this test:

  • Early diagnosis of cervical cancer.
  • Abnormal genital bleeding.

Do you have any of these diseases?

You may need to have a Pap test

How is the Pap test performed?

This test does not involve any significant risk to the patient. It is not foreseeable that any type of vulvar, vaginal or cervical lesion will occur, nor any type of infection.

On occasion, there is some minor bleeding from the exocervical intake, which usually lasts a day at most.

It can only cause some discomfort, especially if the patient contracts the vagina, so it is advisable to be relaxed during the test to make it as uncomfortable as possible.

No special previous preparation by the patient is necessary to perform a Pap smear. It is only recommended to perform this technique when there is no menstruation in order to avoid possible errors.

The exploration itself is very brief. It can last approximately between half a minute and two minutes.

Where do we do it?


The Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the
of the Clínica Universidad de Navarra

Comprehensive care that includes a wide range of consultation and treatment options from regular preventive screening to the most advanced diagnostic and treatment options for obstetric and gynecological problems at all ages.

The department also offers routine pregnancy monitoring that includes a variety of diagnostic and screening procedures to identify potential problems of the fetus as well as its proper growth and development.

Diseases we treat

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Why at the Clinica?

  • Highly specialized team of doctors, nurses and midwives.
  • Reproduction and Fertility Unit.
  • Pregnancy follow-up with a personalized delivery.
  • All the comfort, with the guarantee and safety of a hospital with the most advanced equipment.

Our team of professionals