Publicações científicas

Influence of the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy in the development of wheezing and eczema in infants in Pamplona, Spain.

Alvarez Zallo N (1), Aguinaga-Ontoso I (2), Alvarez-Alvarez I (2), Marin-Fernandez B (2), Guillén-Grima F (3), Azcona-San Julián C (4). (1) Extrahospitalary Paediatric Emergency Service, Osasunbidea, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain.
(2) Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarra, Spain.
(3) Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarra, Spain; Preventive Medicine, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain; Navarra Institute for Health Research (IdiSNA), Spain.
(4) Navarra Institute for Health Research (IdiSNA), Spain; Paediatric Endocrinology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain.

Revisão:Allergologia et Immunopathologia

Data: 16/Jun/2017

Pediatría [ES] Medicina Preventiva [ES]

BACKGROUND:

This study examined the relationship between different food groups and the adherence to a Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and the risk of wheezing and eczema in children aged 12-15 months.

METHODS:

The study involves 1087 Spanish infants from the International Study of Wheezing in Infants (Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes, EISL). The study of the association of the different food consumption and Mediterranean diet with wheezing, recurrent wheezing and eczema was performed using different models of unconditional logistic regression to obtain adjusted prevalence odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).

RESULTS:

No association was found between a good adherence to the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and the development of wheezing (p=0.372), recurrent wheezing (p=0.118) and eczema (p=0.315). The consumption once or twice a week of white fish (OR: 1.95[1.01-3.75]), cooked potatoes (OR: 1.75[1.22-2.51]) and industrial pastry (OR: 1.59[1.13-2.24]), and the consumption more than three times a week of industrial pastry (OR: 1.47 [1.01-2.13]) during pregnancy increases the risk of "wheezing" at 12 months. Instead, high fruit consumption during the pregnancy has a protective effect against "wheezing" in 12-month-old infants (OR: 0.44 [0.20-0.99]). No statistically significant differences were observed between food intake during pregnancy and "recurrent wheezing". No statistically significant differences were observed between the consumption of any food during pregnancy and the presence of eczema at 12 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study showed that the consumption of Mediterranean diet during pregnancy did not have a protective effect for wheezing, recurrent wheezing or eczema.

CITAÇÃO DO ARTIGO  Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2017 Jun 16. pii: S0301-0546(17)30068-X. doi: 10.1016/j.aller.2017.02.009

talvezlhe interesse

QUE TECNOLOGIA UTILIZAMOS? 

A Clínica é o hospital privado com maiores recursos tecnológicos de Espanha, tudo num único centro.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

OS NOSSOS
PROFISSIONAIS

Os profissionais da Clínica realizam um trabalho contínuo de investigação e formação, sempre em benefício do paciente.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

RAZÕES PARA VIR
À CLÍNICA

Conheça porque é que somos diferentes em relação a outros centros sanitários. Qualidade, rapidez, comodidade e resultados.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra