Publicaciones científicas

Treatment of pancreatic cancer with an oncolytic adenovirus expressing interleukin-12 in Syrian hamsters

01-abr-2009 | Revista: Molecular Therapy

Sergia Bortolanza (1), Maria Bunuales (1), Itziar Otano (1), Gloria Gonzalez-Aseguinolaza (1), Carlos Ortiz-de-Solorzano (2), Daniel Perez (2), Jesus Prieto (1,3) and Ruben Hernandez-Alcoceba (1)

Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive malignancy resistant to most conventional and experimental therapies, including conditionally replicative adenoviruses (CRAds). The incorporation of immunostimulatory genes such as interleukin-12 (IL-12) in these viruses may overcome some of their limitations, but evaluation of such vectors requires suitable preclinical models.

We describe a CRAd in which replication is dependent on hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) activity and alterations of the pRB pathway in cancer cells.

Transgenes (luciferase or IL-12) were incorporated into E3 region of the virus using a selective 6.7K/gp19K deletion. A novel permissive model of pancreatic cancer developed in immunocompetent Syrian hamsters was used for in vivo analysis. We show that, in contrast with nonreplicating adenoviruses (NR-Ad), active viral production and enhanced transgene expression took place in vivo. A single intratumor inoculation of the CRAd expressing IL-12 (Ad-DHscIL12) achieved a potent antitumor effect, whereas higher doses of replication-competent adenoviruses carrying luciferase did not. Compared to a standard NR-Ad expressing IL-12, Ad-DHscIL12 was less toxic in hamsters, with more selective tumor expression and shorter systemic exposure to the cytokine.

We conclude that the expression of IL-12 in the context of a hypoxia-inducible oncolytic adenovirus is effective against pancreatic cancer in a relevant animal model.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Mol Ther. 2009 Apr;17(4):614-22