Simple and rapid determination of carboplatin in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography. Error pattern and application to clinical pharmacokinetic studies
Zufía L, Aldaz A, Castellanos C, Giráldez J.
Pharmacy Department, University Hospital of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
Carboplatin is an antitumor agent widely employed in cancer chemotherapy. A specific and selective method for the determination of carboplatin in human plasma and its applications to pharmacokinetic investigations is described. One ultrafiltration step, through a Centrifree micropartition system (Amicon) at 2000 g for 10 min, is the only requirement as sample treatment. The resulting solution is injected into an Inertsil ODS-2 (5 microm, 25 cm x 4.6 mm I.D.) analytical column.
The mobile phase consisted of 0.1 M potassium dihydrogenphosphate with 1 mM dipotassium edetate adjusted to a pH between 3 and 3.5. The limit of quantitation was 1 mg/l. The method showed good recovery (100.68+/-5.49%) and precision: the within-day relative standard deviation (RSD) for carboplatin (3-350 mg/l) was 2.07% and the between-day RSD for carboplatin, in the previously described range, was 1.31%. We determined the assay error pattern for proper weighting of serum level data in pharmacokinetic models.
The selectivity (discrimination between the parent drug and platinum-containing species such as carboplatin metabolites), simplicity and speed of this assay for free carboplatin quantitation should facilitate pharmacokinetic investigations and therapeutic drug monitoring.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2001 Nov 25;764(1-2):457-64.