Publicaciones científicas

Prospective study of predictors for anxiety, depression, and somatization in a sample of 1807 cancer patients

07-feb-2024 | Revista: Scientific Reports

Veronica Velasco-Durantez  1   2 , Patricia Cruz-Castellanos  3 , Raquel Hernandez  4 , Adan Rodriguez-Gonzalez  5 , Ana Fernandez Montes  6 , Alejandro Gallego  7 , Aranzazu Manzano-Fernandez  8 , Elena Sorribes  9 , Marta Zafra  10 , Alberto Carmona-Bayonas  11 , Caterina Calderon  9 , Paula Jiménez-Fonseca  5


In cancer patients, psychological distress, which encompasses anxiety, depression, and somatization, arises from the complex interplay of emotional and behavioral reactions to the diagnosis and treatment, significantly influencing their functionality and quality of life.

The aim was to investigate factors associated with psychological distress in cancer patients. This prospective and multicenter study, conducted by the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM), included two cohorts of patients with cancer (localized resected or advanced unresectable). They completed surveys assessing psychological distress (BSI-18) before and after cancer treatment and coping (MINI-MAC) and spirituality (FACIT-sp) prior to therapy.

A multivariable logistic regression analysis and a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) were conducted. Between 2019 and 2022, 1807 patients were evaluated, mostly women (54%), average age 64 years. The most frequent cancers were colorectal (30%), breast (25%) and lung (18%). Men had lower levels of anxiety and depression (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52-0.84; OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.56-0.93). Colorectal cancer patients experienced less anxiety (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.43-0.92), depression (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.37-0.81), and somatization (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.42-0.83).

Patients with localized cancer and spiritual beliefs had reduced psychological distress, whereas those with anxious preoccupation had higher level. SEM revealed a relationship between psychological distress and coping strategies, emphasizing how baseline anxious preoccupation exacerbates post-treatment distress.

This study suggests that age, sex, extension and location of cancer, coping and spirituality influence psychological distress in cancer patients.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Sci Rep. 2024 Feb 7;14(1):3188.  doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-53212-y