Prevalence of Advanced Parkinson's Disease in Patients Treated in the Hospitals of the Spanish National Healthcare System: The PARADISE Study
Juan Carlos Martínez-Castrillo 1 , Pablo Martínez-Martín 2 , Ángel Burgos 3 , Gloria Arroyo 4 , Natalia García 4 , María Rosario Luquín 5 , José Matías Arbelo 6
Background: Advanced Parkinson's disease (APD) has been recently defined as a stage in which certain symptoms and complications are present, with a detrimental influence on the overall patient's health conditions and with a poor response to conventional treatments. However, historically, the term APD has been controversial, thus consequently, APD prevalence has not been previously studied.
Objectives: The main objective was to determine the prevalence of APD in patients diagnosed with idiopathic PD in hospitals of the Spanish National Healthcare System.
Secondary objectives were the prevalence and incidence of PD and the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics and quality of life of patients with APD or non-APD.
Methods: This was a non-interventional, cross-sectional, multicenter, national study in the hospital setting.
Results: The study population included 929 patients with PD (mean age 71.8 ± 10.1 years; 53.8% male) and a mean time since diagnosis of 6.6 ± 5.4 years. At the time of diagnosis, 613 patients (66.06%) reported having had premotor symptoms.
The Hoehn and Yahr stage was 1 in 15.7% of the patients, 2 in 42.8%, 3 in 30.1%, 4 in 9.9%, and 5 in 1.4%; 46.9% of the patients had comorbidities (mean age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index 3.5 ± 1.7; median 10-year survival 77%) and the mean 8-item Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire was 27.8 ± 20.5. We found an APD prevalence of 38.21% (95%CI: 35.08-41.42%), a PD prevalence of 118.4 (95%CI: 117.3-119.6), and a PD incidence of 9.4 (95%CI: 5.42-13.4) all per 100,000 population. Among the APD population, a 15.2% were receiving some form of therapy for advanced stages of the disease (deep brain stimulation, levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel, or apomorphine subcutaneous infusion).
Conclusions: The percentage of patients with APD in the hospitals of the Spanish National Healthcare System was 38.2%.