Predictive Value of Cervical Shear Wave Elastography in the Induction of Labor in Late-Term Pregnancy Nulliparous Women: Preliminary Results
Tatiana Costas 1 2 , María de la O Rodríguez 1 3 , Mercedes Sánchez-Barba 4 , Juan Luis Alcázar 5
The prediction of induction of labor continues to be a paradigm nowadays. Bishop Score is the traditional widely spread method but with a low reliability. Ultrasound cervical assessment has been proposed as an instrument of measurement. Shear wave elastography (SWE) should be a promising tool in the prediction of the success of labor induction in nulliparous late-term pregnancies. Ninety-two women with nulliparous late-term pregnancies who were going to be induced were included in the study. A shear wave measurement of the cervix divided into six regions (inner, middle and outer in both cervical lips), cervical length and fetal biometry was performed by blinded investigators prior to routine hand cervical assessment (Bishop Score (BS)) and induction of labor. The primary outcome was success of induction. Sixty-three women achieved labor. Nine women did not, and they underwent a cesarean section due to failure to induce labor. SWE was significantly higher in the inner part of the posterior cervix (p < 0.0001). SWE showed an area under the curve (AUC): 0.809 (0.677-0.941) in the inner posterior part. For CL, AUC was 0.816 (0.692-0.984). BS AUC was 0.467 (0.283-0.651). The ICC of inter-observer reproducibility was ≥0.83 in each region of interest (ROI). The cervix elastic gradient seems to be confirmed. The inner part of the posterior cervical lip is the most reliable region to predict induction of labor results in SWE terms. In addition, cervical length seems to be one of the most important procedures in the prediction of induction. Both methods combined could replace the Bishop Score.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Diagnostics (Basel). 2023 May 18;13(10):1782. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics13101782