Publicaciones científicas

Influence of two polymorphisms of the tumoral necrosis factor-alpha gene on the obesity phenotype

Corbalán MS, Marti A, Forga L, Patiño A, Martínez-Gonzalez MA, Martínez JA.
Department of Physiology and Nutrition, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Revista: Diabetes, Nutrition & Metabolism

Fecha: 01-feb-2004


Several populational-based studies have suggested an association between tumoral necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) polymorphisms and obesity-related phenotypes. Therefore, this study aimed at assessing the situation (frequency and associated phenotype) of two TNF-alpha common polymorphisms in a Spanish population. In a case-control design study, a group of Spanish subjects (n=313) were genotyped for the TNF-alpha G/A -308 and -238 polymorphisms.

Obese subjects (cases) were compared with lean individuals (controls) according to body mass index (BMI; cases: BMI >30 kg/m2, controls: BMI <25 kg/m2). Waist-to-hip ratio, body composition and some metabolic indicators were assessed. The frequency of the -308A allele (0.14) and -238A allele (0.09) was similar to those previously reported in other Caucasian populations. Interestingly, cases with the -308A allele of the TNF-alpha gene have significantly higher hip and waist circumferences (p<0.05), BMI (p<0.01) and body fat mass (p<0.05) values than obese individuals carrying the -308G allele, but not the waist-to-hip ratio. No apparent influence of the -308A polymorphism on other metabolic indicators (insulin and leptin levels) was found. We could not detect any association between the substitution at position -238 polymorphism of the TNF-alpha gene and obesity anthropometrical phenotypes in this Spanish population, despite some differences in plasma leptin.

These results support the hypothesis that the G/A -308 polymorphism of the TNF-alpha gene is associated with a higher BMI as well as hip ad waist circumferences, particularly on female bearers, while no influence on such measurements was found for the G/A -238 TNF-alpha gene polymorphism, but only an effect on leptinaemia.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Diabetes Nutr Metab. 2004 Feb;17(1):17-22



La Clínica es el hospital privado con mayor dotación tecnológica de España, todo en un único centro.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra


Los profesionales de la Clínica realizan una labor continuada de investigación y formación, siempre en beneficio del paciente.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra


Conozca por qué somos diferentes a otros centros sanitarios. Calidad, rapidez, comodidad y resultados.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra