Increased activity of the Na(+)-dependent Cl(-)-HCO3- anion exchanger in erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension
Díez J., Arrázola A., Castiella J., Íñigo B., Cía P.
To study the activity of the Na(+)-dependent Cl(-)-HCO3- anion exchanger in erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension.
The study was performed in cells from 48 untreated essential hypertensive patients and 30 normotensive controls with similar age- and sex- distribution.
The activity of the Na(+)-dependent anion exchanger was determined by measuring the 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (DIDS) sensitive Li+ influx in fresh cells incubated into a medium containing Li2CO3.
The DIDS-sensitive Li+ influx was higher in hypertensives than controls. With the 100% confidence (upper) limit of the normotensive population as a cut-off point, a subgroup of 11 hypertensives had an abnormally high activity of the Na(+)-dependent Cl(-)-HCO3- anion exchanger. Compared with patients with normal exchanger activity, patients with increased exchanger activity were characterized by the following: higher frequency of family history of hypertension; lower serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and higher plasma aldosterone concentrations. After multiple regression analysis, the DIDS-sensitive Li+ influx was inversely correlated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
These results show the presence of a new abnormality of erythrocyte Na+ transport in essential hypertension--increased activity of the Na(+)-dependent Cl(-)-HCO3- anion exchanger. In addition, our findings suggest that from the clinical point of view, patients with this transport abnormality represent a particular subset of essential hypertensives.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO J Hypertens. 1992 Jun;10(6):579-85