Publicaciones científicas

Immunolocalization of the mechanogated ion channels PIEZO1 and PIEZO2 in human and mouse dental pulp and periodontal ligament

17-nov-2023 | Revista: Anatomical Record

Juan J Gaite  1   2 , Antonio Solé-Magdalena  1 , Yolanda García-Mesa  1 , Patricia Cuendias  1 , José Martin-Cruces  1 , Olivia García-Suárez  1 , Teresa Cobo  3   4 , José A Vega  1   5 , Benjamín Martín-Biedma  6


PIEZO1 and PIEZO2 are essential components of mechanogated ion channels, which are required for mechanotransduction and biological processes associated with mechanical stimuli.

There is evidence for the presence of PIEZO1 and PIEZO2 in teeth and periodontal ligaments, especially in cell lines and mice, but human studies are almost nonexistent. Decalcified permanent human teeth and mouse molars were processed for immunohistochemical detection of PIEZO1 and PIEZO2.

Confocal laser microscopy was used to examine the co-localization of PIEZO 1 and PIEZO2 with vimentin (a marker of differentiated odontoblasts) in human teeth. In the outer layer of the human dental pulp, abundant PIEZO1- and PIEZO2-positive cells were found that had no odontoblast morphology and were vimentin-negative.

Based on their morphology, location, and the absence of vimentin positivity, they were identified as dental pulp stem cells or pre-odontoblasts. However, in mice, PIEZO1 and PIEZO2 were ubiquitously detected and colocalized in odontoblasts. Intense immunoreactivity of PIEZO1 and PIEZO2 has been observed in human and murine periodontal ligaments.

Our findings suggest that PIEZO1 and PIEZO2 may be mechanosensors/mechanotransducers in murine odontoblasts, as well as in the transmission of forces by the periodontal ligament in humans and mice.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2023 Nov 17.  doi: 10.1002/ar.25351

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