Ibrutinib does not have clinically relevant interactions with oral contraceptives or substrates of CYP3A and CYP2B6
Jan de Jong 1 , Anna Mitselos 2 , Wojciech Jurczak 3 , Raul Cordoba 4 5 6 , Carlos Panizo 7 8 , Tomasz Wrobel 9 , Monika Dlugosz-Danecka 3 , James Jiao 10 , Juthamas Sukbuntherng 11 , Daniele Ouellet 12 , Peter Hellemans 2
Ibrutinib may inhibit intestinal CYP3A4 and induce CYP2B6 and/or CYP3A. Secondary to potential induction, ibrutinib may reduce the exposure and effectiveness of oral contraceptives (OCs).
This phase I study evaluated the effect of ibrutinib on the pharmacokinetics of the CYP2B6 substrate bupropion, CYP3A substrate midazolam, and OCs ethinylestradiol (EE) and levonorgestrel (LN). Female patients (N = 22) with B-cell malignancies received single doses of EE/LN (30/150 μg) and bupropion/midazolam (75/2 mg) during a pretreatment phase on days 1 and 3, respectively (before starting ibrutinib on day 8), and again after ibrutinib 560 mg/day for ≥ 2 weeks. Intestinal CYP3A inhibition was assessed on day 8 (single-dose ibrutinib plus single-dose midazolam).
Systemic induction was assessed at steady-state on days 22 (EE/LN plus ibrutinib) and 24 (bupropion/midazolam plus ibrutinib). The geometric mean ratios (GMRs; test/reference) for maximum plasma concentration (Cmax ) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) were derived using linear mixed-effects models (90% confidence interval within 80%-125% indicated no interaction).
On day 8, the GMR for midazolam exposure with ibrutinib coadministration was ≤ 20% lower than the reference, indicating lack of intestinal CYP3A4 inhibition. At ibrutinib steady-state, the Cmax and AUC of EE were 33% higher than the reference, which was not considered clinically relevant.
No substantial changes were noted for LN, midazolam, or bupropion. No unexpected safety findings were observed. A single dose of ibrutinib did not inhibit intestinal CYP3A4, and repeated administration did not induce CYP3A4/2B6, as assessed using EE, LN, midazolam, and bupropion.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Pharmacol Res Perspect. 2020 Oct;8(5):e00649.