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Ibrutinib does not have clinically relevant interactions with oral contraceptives or substrates of CYP3A and CYP2B6

01-oct-2020 | Revista: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives

Jan de Jong  1 , Anna Mitselos  2 , Wojciech Jurczak  3 , Raul Cordoba  4   5   6 , Carlos Panizo  7   8 , Tomasz Wrobel  9 , Monika Dlugosz-Danecka  3 , James Jiao  10 , Juthamas Sukbuntherng  11 , Daniele Ouellet  12 , Peter Hellemans  2


 Abstract

Ibrutinib may inhibit intestinal CYP3A4 and induce CYP2B6 and/or CYP3A. Secondary to potential induction, ibrutinib may reduce the exposure and effectiveness of oral contraceptives (OCs).

This phase I study evaluated the effect of ibrutinib on the pharmacokinetics of the CYP2B6 substrate bupropion, CYP3A substrate midazolam, and OCs ethinylestradiol (EE) and levonorgestrel (LN). Female patients (N = 22) with B-cell malignancies received single doses of EE/LN (30/150 μg) and bupropion/midazolam (75/2 mg) during a pretreatment phase on days 1 and 3, respectively (before starting ibrutinib on day 8), and again after ibrutinib 560 mg/day for ≥ 2 weeks. Intestinal CYP3A inhibition was assessed on day 8 (single-dose ibrutinib plus single-dose midazolam).

Systemic induction was assessed at steady-state on days 22 (EE/LN plus ibrutinib) and 24 (bupropion/midazolam plus ibrutinib). The geometric mean ratios (GMRs; test/reference) for maximum plasma concentration (Cmax ) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) were derived using linear mixed-effects models (90% confidence interval within 80%-125% indicated no interaction).

On day 8, the GMR for midazolam exposure with ibrutinib coadministration was ≤ 20% lower than the reference, indicating lack of intestinal CYP3A4 inhibition. At ibrutinib steady-state, the Cmax and AUC of EE were 33% higher than the reference, which was not considered clinically relevant.

No substantial changes were noted for LN, midazolam, or bupropion. No unexpected safety findings were observed. A single dose of ibrutinib did not inhibit intestinal CYP3A4, and repeated administration did not induce CYP3A4/2B6, as assessed using EE, LN, midazolam, and bupropion.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Pharmacol Res Perspect. 2020 Oct;8(5):e00649.
doi: 10.1002/prp2.649

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