Publicaciones científicas

Fractionated initial infusion and booster dose of ARI0002h, a humanised, BCMA-directed CAR T-cell therapy, for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (CARTBCMA-HCB-01): a single-arm, multicentre, academic pilot study

03-jul-2023 | Revista: The Lancet. Oncology

Aina Oliver-Caldés  1 , Verónica González-Calle  2 , Valentín Cabañas  3 , Marta Español-Rego  1 , Paula Rodríguez-Otero  4 , Juan Luis Reguera  5 , Lucía López-Corral  2 , Beatriz Martin-Antonio  6 , Aintzane Zabaleta  4 , Susana Inogés  4 , Sara Varea  1 , Laura Rosiñol  1 , Ascensión López-Díaz de Cerio  4 , Natalia Tovar  1 , Raquel Jiménez  1 , Miriam López-Parra  2 , Luis Gerardo Rodríguez-Lobato  1 , Andrés Sánchez-Salinas  3 , Eulàlia Olesti  1 , Maria Calvo-Orteu  1 , Julio Delgado  1 , José Antonio Pérez-Simón  5 , Bruno Paiva  4 , Felipe Prósper  4 , Joaquín Sáez-Peñataro  1 , Manel Juan  1 , José M Moraleda  3 , María-Victoria Mateos  2 , Mariona Pascal  1 , Alvaro Urbano-Ispizua  1 , Carlos Fernández de Larrea  7

Background: Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is a promising option for patients with heavily treated multiple myeloma. Point-of-care manufacturing can increase the availability of these treatments worldwide. We aimed to assess the safety and activity of ARI0002h, a BCMA-targeted CAR T-cell therapy developed by academia, in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.

Methods: CARTBCMA-HCB-01 is a single-arm, multicentre study done in five academic centres in Spain. Eligible patients had relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma and were aged 18-75 years; with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2; two or more previous lines of therapy including a proteasome inhibitor, an immunomodulatory agent, and an anti-CD38 antibody; refractoriness to the last line of therapy; and measurable disease according to the International Myeloma Working Group criteria. Patients received an initial fractionated infusion of 3 × 106 CAR T cells per kg bodyweight in three aliquots (0·3, 0·9, and 1·8 × 106 CAR-positive cells per kg intravenously on days 0, 3, and 7) and a non-fractionated booster dose of up to 3 × 106 CAR T cells per kg bodyweight, at least 100 days after the first infusion. The primary endpoints were overall response rate 100 days after first infusion and the proportion of patients developing cytokine-release syndrome or neurotoxic events in the first 30 days after receiving treatment. Here, we present an interim analysis of the ongoing trial; enrolment has ended. This study is registered with, NCT04309981, and EudraCT, 2019-001472-11.

Findings: Between June 2, 2020, and Feb 24, 2021, 44 patients were assessed for eligibility, of whom 35 (80%) were enrolled. 30 (86%) of 35 patients received ARI0002h (median age 61 years [IQR 53-65], 12 [40%] were female, and 18 [60%] were male). At the planned interim analysis (cutoff date Oct 20, 2021), with a median follow-up of 12·1 months (IQR 9·1-13·5), overall response during the first 100 days from infusion was 100%, including 24 (80%) of 30 patients with a very good partial response or better (15 [50%] with complete response, nine [30%] with very good partial response, and six [20%] with partial response). Cytokine-release syndrome was observed in 24 (80%) of 30 patients (all grade 1-2). No cases of neurotoxic events were observed. Persistent grade 3-4 cytopenias were observed in 20 (67%) patients. Infections were reported in 20 (67%) patients. Three patients died: one because of progression, one because of a head injury, and one due to COVID-19.

Interpretation: ARI0002h administered in a fractioned manner with a booster dose after 3 months can provide deep and sustained responses in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, with a low toxicity, especially in terms of neurological events, and with the possibility of a point-of-care approach.

Funding: Instituto de Salud Carlos III (co-funded by the EU), Fundación La Caixa, and Fundació Bosch i Aymerich.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Lancet Oncol. 2023 Jul 3;S1470-2045(23)00222-X.
doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(23)00222-X