Publicaciones científicas

External quality assessment of serum indices: Spanish SEQC-ML program

21-oct-2021 | Revista: Clinical Chemistry Laboratory Medicine

Rubén Gómez Rioja  1 , Monserrat Ventura  2 , María Antonia Llopis  3 , Josep Miquel Bauça  4 , Andrea Caballero Garralda  5 , Mercedes Ibarz  6 , Debora Martinez  7 , Carolina Gómez  8 , Paloma Salas Gómez-Pablos  9 , Isabel García Del Pino  10 , Jose Delgado  11 , Juan Jose Puente  12 , Iciar Marzana  13

Objectives: Serum indices included in clinical chemistry instruments are widely used by laboratories to assess the quality of samples. Instruments that report quantitative results allow an evaluation of their diagnostic performance in a similar way to other biochemical tests. The Spanish Society of Laboratory Medicine (SEQC-ML) launched a monthly External Quality program of serum indices in 2018 using three lyophilized materials of simultaneous annual distribution. We present the results of the first three years of the program.

Methods: The use of four different quality control materials with different concentrations in three alternate months allows an annual evaluation of the participant's accuracy.

Assigned values are established by consensus among homogeneous groups, considering necessary at least 10 participants for a comparison at instrument level. The average percentage difference results per instrument allow the assessment of bias among groups.

Results: The imprecision of the three indices ranges between 3 and 9%, with no major differences among instruments. Significant differences were observed in all indices among instruments with more than 10 participants (Roche Cobas, Abbott Architect, Abbott Alinity and Siemens Advia). The 90th percentile of the distribution of percentage differences was used as the analytical performance specification (APS). An improvement in performance was observed in the first three years of the program, probably due to the learning curve effect. In 2020, APS of 7.8, 12.2 and 9.7% were proposed for hemolytic, icteric and lipemic indices, respectively.

Conclusions: Serum indices have a great impact on the quality and the reliability of laboratory test results. Participation in proficiency testing programs for serum indices is helpful to encourage harmonization among providers and laboratories.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Clin Chem Lab Med. 2021 Oct 21;60(1):66-73.  doi: 10.1515/cclm-2021-0786.  Print 2022 Jan 26