Erythropoietin can induce the expression of bcl-x(L) through Stat5 in erythropoietin-dependent progenitor cell lines
Silva M, Benito A, Sanz C, Prosper F, Ekhterae D, Nuñez G, Fernandez-Luna JL.
Erythropoietin (Epo) initiates its cellular response by binding to the Epo receptor, which triggers the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) 5 protein. Cell culture studies of erythroid progenitors have suggested that Epo functions as a survival factor by repressing apoptosis at least in part through Bcl-x(L), an anti-apoptotic protein of the Bcl-2 family. In this report, we examine whether Stat5 can induce transactivation of the bcl-x gene in response to Epo. Two Epo-responsive progenitor cell lines, HCD-57 and Bcl-2-transfected Ba/F3-Epo receptor (Ba/F3-EpoR-Bcl-2), were used in this study.
After Epo stimulation, we observed a correlation between expression of bcl-x(L) and activation of Stat5 as assessed by the expression of oncostatin M, a direct target of Stat5, and the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of Stat5. Moreover, a Stat binding element in the bcl-x promoter was found to be active in response to Epo, a finding that was further confirmed because mutagenesis of this sequence motif abrogated its promoter activity and overexpression of a dominant negative Stat5 protein blocked transactivation. When DNA-protein binding analyses were performed, we found that Stat5, not Stat1 or Stat3, was the protein bound to the bcl-x promoter in response to Epo.
These data suggest that Epo-dependent activation of Stat5 is a transcriptional pathway that can be used by Epo-responsive progenitor cells to induce the expression of bcl-x(L) and consequently to inhibit apoptosis.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO J Biol Chem. 1999 Aug 6;274(32):22165-9