Dynamic cardiomyoplasty in a patient with end-stage cardiomyopathy
Zabala M.S., Herreros J., Gil O., Iglesias I., Barba J., Alegría E.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
Dynamic cardiomyoplasty is a relatively new surgical procedure by which a transformed fatigue-resistant skeletal muscle wrapped around the heart is stimulated to contract in synchrony with it, thereby augmenting the ventricular functions of a failing heart.
We performed a cardiomyoplasty with latissimus dorsii (LD) in a patient who was refused the heart transplant programme because of pulmonary hypertension and psychosocial contraindications. The patient was 34 years old, functional class grade IV of the New York Heart Association (NYHA), with a three-month history, due to ischemic cardiomyopathy with multiple vessels affected, 10% ejection fraction, arteriolar pulmonary resistance of 7.5 U Wood. Cardiomyoplasty was performed after training the LD muscle for four weeks. One week later the pacemaker was programmed in a DDD mode: amplitude 3.75 V, pulse duration 0.50 ms, AV delay 175 ms.
The patient reached functional class grade I-II (NYHA). Inotrope support was discontinued and great clinical improvement was noted. The ejection fraction rose from 10% to 30%. Echocardiographic left ventricular outflow tract velocity increased from 0.33 m/s to 0.60 m/s.
These values were compared with radionuclide angiocardiography and echocardiography evaluations. The great clinical improvement and positive changes in left ventricular parameters suggest that cardiomyoplasty is useful in the treatment of some cases of dilated or ischemic cardiomyopathy as an alternative to heart transplantation. Long term follow-up is necessary to evaluate this procedure.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Int J Artif Organs. 1992 Aug;15(8):488-92