Publicaciones científicas

Diagnosis of giant cell arteritis by 18F-FDG PET/CT in patients on glucocorticoid therapy: importance of delayed imaging

08-jul-2024 | Revista: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology

Vicente Aldasoro  1 , Vicky Betech-Antar  2 , Santos Castañeda  3 , Eugenio de Miguel  4 , Juan José Rosales  2 , María José García-Velloso  2

Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyse the diagnostic value of positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA) despite glucocorticoid (GC) therapy before PET acquisition.

Methods: Consecutive patients with strongly suspected GCA according to 2022 EULAR/ACR criteria were included. The physician diagnosis of GCA after 6 months of follow-up was the gold standard. PET was performed at baseline and 6 months later. In patients with negative results at 60 min, delayed imaging was performed at 180 min.

Results: Twenty-six patients were included with a median (IQR) age of 70.5 (57-88) years. Baseline PET was positive in all but one: 18 patients at 60 min and 7 patients after delayed imaging at 180 min. The median (IQR) GC dose at the time of baseline PET was 45 mg/d (26.2-45) of prednisone equivalent with a median exposure of 14 days (7-76.2). At 6 months of follow-up, PET was performed in 22 patients, with positive results in 16. Delayed imaging was performed in 6 patients due to negative PET at 60 min, with positive results in all cases, despite treatment with GC and/or biological therapy.

Conclusions: In patients on GC therapy, delayed imaging protocols applying procedural recommendations for vascular quantification could improve diagnostic accuracy. Therefore, we suggest performing imaging only at 180 min in patients who have been on GCs for more than 3 days as well as in those with highly suspected GCA but negative findings in baseline PET at 60 min.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2024 Jul 8.  doi: 10.55563/clinexprheumatol/db8p4e