Publicaciones científicas

Clinical and economic impact of clinical pharmacist interventions regarding antimicrobials on critically ill patients

08-jul-2019 | Revista: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy

Leache L (1), Aquerreta I (2), Aldaz A (3), Monedero P (4), Idoate A (5), Ortega A (6).

(1) Pharmacy Service, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pío XII 36, Pamplona, 31008, Spain.
(2) Pharmacy Service, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pío XII 36, Pamplona, 31008, Spain.
(3) Pharmacy Service, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pío XII 36, Pamplona, 31008, Spain.
(4) Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pío XII 36, Pamplona, 31008, Spain.
(5) Pharmacy Service, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pío XII 36, Pamplona, 31008, Spain.
(6) Pharmacy Service, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pío XII 36, Pamplona, 31008, Spain. Electronic address: aortega@unav.es.


BACKGROUND:

Incorporating in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) a clinical pharmacist who performs interventions on antimicrobials may be cost-effective.

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the clinical and economic impact of clinical pharmacist interventions on antimicrobials in an ICU. To identify drug related problems and medication errors detected by the pharmacist.

METHODS:

A retrospective observational study was performed to analyze drug related problems, medication errors and clinical pharmacist interventions related to antimicrobials in adults admitted to an ICU in a 5-month period. The economic impact of pharmacist interventions was estimated considering difference in cost derived from antimicrobial treatment, adverse drug events and clinical pharmacist time.

RESULTS:

A total of 212 drug related problems were detected in 114 patients, 18 being medication errors. Clinical pharmacist developed one intervention for each problem identified. 204 interventions (96.2%) were considered important with improved patient care and 7 (3.3%) very important. No negative impact of any intervention was identified. Physicians accepted 97.6% of the interventions. A potential saving of 10,905 € was estimated as a result of pharmacist interventions and 4.8 € were avoided per euro invested in a clinical pharmacist.

CONCLUSIONS:

A clinical pharmacist performing interventions on antimicrobials in the ICU has a positive impact on patient care and decreases costs.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Res Social Adm Pharm. 2019 Jul 8. pii: S1551-7411(19)30663-1. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.07.006.