Publicaciones científicas

Central sensitization negatively influences the level of disability in female patients with anterior knee pain

25-sep-2023 | Revista: Knee Surgery, Sports Tramatology, Arthroscopy

Vicente Sanchis-Alfonso  1 , María Beser-Robles  2 , Ana Navarro-Calvo  3 , Laura López-Company  3 , Alejandro Roselló-Añón  4 , Julio Domenech-Fernández  5

Purpose: To define the prevalence of Central Sensitization (CS) in patients with Anterior Knee Pain (AKP) and determine whether there is an association between CS and the magnitude of pain, disability, quality-of-life and psychological impairment.

Methods: The data of a total of 44 AKP female patients with a mean age of 27.7 years (15-50) recruited consecutively from hospital outpatient knee clinics were prospectively included in this study. The patients had no antecedents of knee trauma or surgery and no history of injury or disease of the nervous system. There were also 50 healthy female controls with a mean age of 26.1 years (16-46). CS was evaluated using the Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI). Quality-of-life was evaluated using the EuroQoL-5D questionnaire. Self-reporting of clinical pain intensity was obtained using the Visual Analogue Scale. The Kujala Knee Scale and IKDC form were used to evaluate disability. Anxiety and depression were evaluated using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Subscale (HAD). Kinesiophobia was measured with the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK-11) and catastrophizing by means of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS).

Results: Sixteen AKP patients (36%), and 2 (4%) of the healthy controls presented with central sensitization (p < 0.01). AKP patients with CS have a greater degree of disability based on the Kujala Scale and higher levels of anxiety and depression than AKP patients without CS. The score of AKP patients in the CSI correlated weakly with disability and quality of life and moderately with anxiety and depression. However, no association was seen between CSI score and pain intensity, nor with catastrophizing and kinesiophobia. A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only depression was statistically significant in the prediction of the presence of CS (odds ratio 1.45; 95% CI 1.07 to 1.96).

Conclusions: AKP patients have a significantly higher prevalence of CS in comparison with what has been reported for the general population. This finding suggests the presence of altered pain modulation in a subgroup of AKP patients.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2023 Sep 25. doi: 10.1007/s00167-023-07591-w