Publicaciones científicas

Allergic Adverse Drug Events After Alert Overrides in Hospitalized Patients

22-may-2022 | Revista: Journal of Patient Safety

Marta Luri  1 , Gabriel Gastaminza  2 , Antonio Idoate  1 , Ana Ortega  1

Objectives: This study aimed to assess how often overridden drug allergy alerts (ODAAs) lead to allergic adverse drug events (All-ADEs) and to evaluate the frequency with which drug allergy alerts (DAAs) were overridden and the reasons, as well as appropriateness of these overrides.

Methods: A retrospective observational study of DAA generated between 2014 and 2016 was conducted. The corresponding DAA records were reviewed to determine the frequency of alert overrides. A chart review was performed on a subset of 194 ODAA (the first of every 3 chronologically ordered ODAA) to identify All-ADEs and to evaluate the override reasons and the appropriateness of these overrides.

Results: A total of 2044 DAAs were overridden (override rate of 44.8%). Most were triggered by a nonexact match (93.81%), when ordering nervous system (21.1%) and cardiovascular system (19.6%) drugs and were generated by physicians (72.7%). The main override reason was that the patient was already taking the drug or had previously tolerated the drug. Only 9.28% of ODAAs were inappropriately overridden. Six All-ADEs (3.09%) were identified and were due to anti-infective (1), antineoplastic (1), and iodinated-contrast (4) drug administration. Most All-ADEs were cutaneous and were mild. None was life-threatening or fatal. The All-ADEs rate was higher among inappropriately ODAA (15.79%, P = 0.013).

Conclusions: Alert overrides are not exempt from clinical consequences, although few are associated with All-ADEs. It is necessary to identify the drugs involved in those reactions and to update allergy lists to generate only specific and important DAA and to avoid the negative consequences of overrides.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  J Patient Saf. 2022 Sep 1;18(6):630-636. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000001034.  Epub 2022 May 28.