Publicaciones científicas

Ad hoc Analysis of the Phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA Study: Niraparib Efficacy in Germline BRCA Wild-type Recurrent Ovarian Cancer with Homologous Recombination Repair Defects

15-nov-2022 | Revista: Cancer Research Communications

Mansoor Raza Mirza  1 , Gabriel Lindahl  2 , Sven Mahner  3 , Andrés Redondo  4 , Michel Fabbro  5 , Bobbie J Rimel  6 , Jørn Herrstedt  7 , Amit M Oza  8 , Ulrich Canzler  9   10 , Jonathan S Berek  11 , Antonio González-Martín  12 , Phillipe Follana  13 , Rosemary Lord  14 , Masoud Azodi  15 , Kasey Estenson  16 , Zebin Wang  17 , Yong Li  17 , Divya Gupta  17 , Ursula Matulonis  18   19 , Bin Feng  17


In this analysis, we examined the relationship between progression-free survival (PFS) and mutation status of 18 homologous recombination repair (HRR) genes in patients in the non-germline BRCA-mutated (non-gBRCAm) cohort of the ENGOT-OV16/NOVA trial (NCT01847274), which evaluated niraparib maintenance therapy for patients with recurrent ovarian cancer.

This post hoc exploratory biomarker analysis was performed using tumor samples collected from 331 patients enrolled in the phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA trial's non-gBRCAm cohort. Niraparib demonstrated PFS benefit in patients with either somatic BRCA-mutated (sBRCAm; HR, 0.27; 95% confidence interval, CI, 0.08-0.88) or BRCA wild-type (BRCAwt; HR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.34-0.64) tumors. Patients with BRCAwt tumors with other non-BRCA HRR mutations also derived benefit from niraparib (HR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.13-0.77), as did patients with BRCAwt/HRRwt (HRR wild-type) tumors (HR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.35-0.70). When patients with BRCAwt/HRRwt tumors were further categorized by genomic instability score (GIS), clinical benefit was observed in patients with homologous recombination-deficient (GIS ≥ 42; HR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.18-0.61) and in patients with homologous recombination-proficient (HRp; GIS < 42; HR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.36-0.99) disease.

Although patients with sBRCAm, other non-BRCA HRR mutations, or GIS ≥ 42 benefited the most from niraparib treatment, PFS benefit was also seen in HRp (GIS < 42) patients without HRR mutations. These results support the use of niraparib in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer regardless of BRCA/HRR mutation status or myChoice CDx GIS.

Significance: We retrospectively evaluated the mutational profile of HRR genes in tumor samples from 331 patients from the non-germline BRCA-mutated cohort of the phase III NOVA trial of patients with platinum-sensitive high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Patients with non-BRCA HRR mutations generally benefited from second-line maintenance treatment with niraparib compared with placebo.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Cancer Res Commun. 2022 Nov 15;2(11):1436-1444. doi: 10.1158/2767-9764.CRC-22-0240