Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Combination with Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion in A Single Procedure. Rationale and Technique
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, and is associated with a fivefold increase in the risk of ischemic stroke and systemic embolism.
Left atrial appendage (LAA) is the source of thrombi in up to 90% of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Although thromboembolic prophylaxis by means of oral anticoagulants (OAC) has been shown to be very effective (OAC), they also confer an inevitably risk of serious bleeding.
Catheter ablation (CA) is an effective treatment for symptomatic AF but its role in stroke prevention remains unproved. Recently, LAA percutaneous occlusion has been demonstrated to be equivalent to OACs in reducing thromboembolic events.
The aim of this review is to describe the rationale, feasibility, outcomes and technique of a combined procedure of AFCA and percutaneous LAAO, two percutaneous interventions that share some procedural issues and technical requirements, in patients with symptomatic drug-refractory AF, high risk of stroke, and contraindications to OACs.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO J Atr Fibrillation. 2016 Feb 29;8(5):1346