Predictive factors for radiation-induced pulmonary toxicity after three-dimensional conformal chemoradiation in locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer
M. Moreno, J. Aristu, L. I. Ramos, L. Arbea, J. M. López-Picazo, M. Cambeiro and R. Martínez-Monge
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is a restricting complication of non-small-cell lung cancer irradiation. Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) represents an advance because exposure of normal tissues is minimised. This study tries to identify prognostic factors associated with severe RP.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Eighty patients with stage IIIA (20%) and IIIB (80%) NSCLC treated with cisplatin- based induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemotherapy and hyperfractionated 3D-CRT (median dose: 72.4 Gy, range: 54.1-85.9) were retrospectively evaluated. Acute and late RP were scored using RTOG glossary. Potential predictive factors evaluated included clinical, therapeutic and dosimetric factors. The lungs were defined as a whole organ. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
Early and late RP grade>or=3 were observed in two patients (2%) and 10 patients (12%), respectively. Five patients (6%) died of pulmonary toxicity, 3 of whom had pre-existing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Median time to occurrence of late RP was 4.5 months (range: 3-8). Multivariate analysis showed that COPD (OR=10.1, p=0.01) and NTCPkwa>30% (OR=10.5, p=0.007) were independently associated with late grade>or=3 RP. Incidence of RP>or=3 grade for patients with COPD and/or NTCPkwa>30% was 25% vs. 4% for patients without COPD and NTCPkwa<30% (p=0.01). Risk of severe RP was higher for patients with COPD and/or NTCPkwa>30% (OR=7.3; CI 95%=1.4-37.3, p=0.016).
COPD and NTCP are predictive of severe RP. Careful medical evaluation and meticulous treatment planning are of paramount importance to decrease the incidence of severe RP.
CITATION Clin Transl Oncol. 2007 Sep;9(9):596-602