The Effect of Prolonged Pre-Operative Halo Gravity Traction for Severe Spinal Deformities on the Cervical Spine Radiographs
Kwadwo Poku Yankey 1 , Henry Ofori Duah 1 , Cristina Sacramento-Domínguez 2 , Henry Osei Tutu 1 , Mabel Adobea Owiredu 1 , Rufai Mahmud 1 , Irene Wulff 1 , Gerhard Ofori-Amankwah 1 , Harry Akoto 1 , Oheneba Boachie-Adjei 1 , FOCOS Spine Research Group 1
Study design: Retrospective review of consecutive series.
Objective: The study sought to assess the effect of prolonged pre-operative halo gravity traction (HGT) on the c-spine radiographs.
Methods: Data of 37 pediatric and adult patients who underwent ≥ 12wks pre-op HGT prior to definitive spine surgery from 2013-2015 at a single site in West Africa was reviewed. Radiographic assessment of the c-spine including ADI, SVA and C2-C7 Lordosis were done at pre HGT and at 4 weekly intervals. Paired T-Test was performed to evaluate changes in these parameters during HGT.
Results: 37pts, 18/19 (F/M). Average age 18.2yrs. Diagnoses: 22 idiopathic, 6 congenital, 3 Post TB, 2 NM and 4 NF. Average duration of HGT: 125 days. Baseline coronal Cobb:130 deg, corrected 30% in HGT; baseline sagittal Cobb:146 deg, corrected 32% post HGT. Baseline ADI (3.17 ± 0.63 mm) did not change at 4wks (P > 0.05) but reduced at 8wks (2.80 ± 0.56 mm) and 12wks (2.67 ± 0.51 mm) post HGT (P < 0.05). Baseline HGT SVA (20.7 ± 14.98 mm) significantly improved at 4wks (11.55 ± 10.26 mm), 8wks (7.54 ± 6.78 mm) and 12wks (8.88 ± 4.5 mm) (P < 0.05). Baseline C2-C7 lordosis (43 ± 20.1 deg) reduced at 4wks (26 ± 16.37 deg), 8wks (17.8 ± 14.77 deg) and 12wks (16.7 ± 11.33 deg) post HGT (P < 0.05). There was no incidence of atlanto-axial instability on flexion extension radiographs at any interval.
Conclusion: Prolonged HGT, while providing partial correction of severe spine deformities, also appeared to have no adverse effect on atlanto-axial stability or cervical alignment. Therefore, HGT can be safely applied for several weeks in the preoperative management of severe spine deformities in pediatric/adult patients.