Surgical findings and auditory performance after cochlear implant revision surgery
The objective of this study was to review cochlear reimplantation outcomes in the tertiary hospital and analyze whether facts such as type of failure, surgical findings, or etiology of deafness have an influence.
A retrospective study including 38 patients who underwent cochlear implant revision surgery in a tertiary center is performed. Auditory outcomes (pure tone audiometry, % disyllabic words) along with etiology of deafness, type of complication, issues with insertion, and cochlear findings are included. Complication rate is 2.7 %.Technical failure rate is 57.9 % (50 % hard failure and 50 % soft failure), and medical failure (device infection or extrusion, migration, wound, or flap complication) is seen in 42.1 % of the cases.
Management of cochlear implant complications and revision surgery is increasing due to a growing number of implantees. Cases that require explantation and reimplantation of the cochlear implant are safe procedures, where the depth of insertion and speech perception results are equal or higher in most cases.
Nevertheless, there must be an increasing effort on using minimally traumatic electrode arrays and surgical techniques to improve currently obtained results.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2015 Mar 27